Thursday, 18 August 2011

Policies to Enhance: Sustainable Development



Policies to Enhance: Sustainable Development
OECD | 2001 | ISBN: 9264186611 9789264186613 9789264192683 | 107 pages | PDF | 1 MB

This report identifies some of the main barriers -- conceptual and practical -- that stand in the way of progress, and some of the areas where concrete government actions will allow a better integration of environmental, economic and social goals. Particular focus is placed on how the use of the price system, reform of governments' decision-making processes, technology policies, and international trade and investment may each contribute to removing incentives to unsustainable resource depletion and environmental degradation.

FSonic • | • ES Download • | • DepositF


Sustainable development involves linking the economic, social and environmental objectives of societies in a balanced way. It stresses the importance of taking a broader view of what human welfare entails, of using a long-term perspective about the consequences of today's activities, and of recognising the global nature of many of the most pressing challenges facing societies. OECD countries committed themselves to sustainable development at the 1992 Rio Conference on Environment and Development. However, action to meet these commitments remains slow.

Recommendations in each of these areas are presented in this Report, and then applied to two areas -- climate change and natural resource management -- where the risks of non-sustainability appear to be highest.

Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Key Challenges and Policy Responses
Introduction.
De-coupling environmental pressures from economic growth: key challenges
The social dimension of sustainable development
Inadequate responses: knowledge and implementation gaps
A framework for sustainable development policies: key policy responses
Chapter 2. Making Markets Work for Sustainable Development
Establishing the right policy framework
Using market-based instruments to provide the right signals
Overcoming obstacles to market-based policy reform
Enhancing the effectiveness of other instruments
Chapter 3. Strengthening Decision Making
Introduction.
Policy integration
Strengthening the machinery of government
Accountability
Transparency and participation
Chapter 4. Harnessing Science and Technology
Introduction.
Providing the right framework conditions
Encouraging the development and diffusion of cleaner technologies
Chapter 5. Managing Linkages with the Global Economy
Impacts of trade and investment on sustainable development
National policy responses
International responses: trade and investment policy
International responses: environment policy
Development co-operation
Chapter 6. Responding to Climate Change
Introduction
Features of the Kyoto Protocol
Domestic policies
Reducing the costs of mitigation
The long-term challenge: encouraging participation of developing countries
Chapter 7. Managing Natural Resources
Introduction
Improving the knowledge base for decision making
Making markets better serve conservation objectives
Dealing with adjustment problems
Improving resource efficiency and reducing waste
Helping developing countries to better manage their own natural resources
Notes
References

0 comments:

Post a Comment